Analysis

The design analysis— one of main types of works which is carried out by the initiator of the project at a preinvestment stage of the project with the purpose of determination of social and economic efficiency of the project, a complex of risks, expediency of implementation of the project and the organization of its financing. The design analysis is also main method of examination of the project by financial institution (bank, fund) for the purpose of adoption of the decision on participation in the project by it.

The strategic analysisof the project, consists in the analysis of compliance of the purposes of the project of strategy of development of the company (branch, the region, the country) who is the initiator or the performer of the project.

The technical analysisof the project is made for the purpose of an assessment of technical feasibility of the project and an assessment of its innovative potential. The assessment of feasibility of the project is carried out for the purpose of determination of feasibility of the scientific, design-technolog y decisions put in the project. An important aspect of the technical analysis is determination of innovative character of the project, scientific and technical (innovative) effect of the project. For stimulation of development of innovative activity in the country it is necessary to include indicators of innovations in the list of target strategic indicators of activity of the companies.

The institutional analysisis carried out with the purpose to estimate influence on the project of set of the internal and external factors accompanying the investment project (the analysis of the external and internal environment of the project).

In the analysisof the project it is necessary to distinguish the concepts "risk" and "uncertainty".

The risk has the probabilistic nature and is characterized by probability of non receipt of the planned effect (result) from implementation of the project or probability of emergence of such conditions which will lead to negative consequences for all or certain participants of the project.

Uncertainty — the characteristic of incompleteness and insufficient quality (inaccuracy) of the initial and settlement information used for the analysis of the project.

The ecological analysisof the project gets recently more and more importance. The accounting of ecological consequences of implementation of the project is an important condition of an assessment of public efficiency of the project.

The purpose of the ecological analysis of the project is the assessment of influence of the project on environment and living conditions of people.

The analysis of ecological influences of the project is carried out by verification of the existing allowing documents for financing and the implementation of the project which is given out by authorized bodies in the field of carrying out the state environmental assessment and state examination of project documentation.